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The Korean Flag - WTDSA Insignia Meaning - Rules of the Dojang - 7 Tenants - 14 Attitude Requirements - Purpose - Belt System Philosophy and Requirements for Testing

Additional Student Information

TAE KEUK KI, the Korean Flag, symbolizes much of the thought, philosophy and mysticism of the Orient. The symbol is called "TAE KEUK" and the flag itself is called "TAE KEUK KI." In the center of the flag is a circle divided equally and in perfect balance. The circle itself represents the absolute or the essential unity of all beings. The upper red section is called YANG and the lower blue section is UM and is the ancient symbol of the creation of the universe, day and night, light and dark, construction and destruction, masculine and feminine, active and passive, hot and cold and so on. The central thought is the TAE KEUK indicates that while there is a constant movement within the sphere of infinity, there is also balance and harmony.

This thought of TAE KEUK, called UM-YANG philosophy, has influenced all the fields of oriental cultures such as philosophy, logic, science and military strategy along with martial arts. The ancient oriental philosophers viewed the universe as a place in which harmony could be attained by the reconciliation of opposing forces. One such force, YANG, is associated with expansion and separation, and the other, UM, with contraction and assimilation. These opposites continually balance and complement each other. This thought taught martial artists the wisdom of using nonviolence against violence, soft against hard, circle against straight line and so on.

The three bars at each corner also carry the ideas of opposition and balance. The three unbroken lines in the upper left hand corner stand for heaven; the opposite three broken bars in the lower right hand corner represent the earth. The bars in the lower left hand corner symbolize fire; the opposite bars in the upper right hand corner symbolize water.

Association Symbol-insignia: Meaning of symbol is:        

Six Stars: Represents the six, inhabited continents and shows that Tang Soo Do is now world wide.
Um, Yang:
Flying Side Kick: Represents the special and unique character of Tang Soo Do and the whole person concept.
Red Circle: Unity and brotherhood.
Globe: Means our organization covers the world.
Bottom Belt: Master's Belt - represents the ultimate goal of all Tang Soo Do students.
Practitioner: Mastering the art of Tang Soo Do.
Color Combination: Red, blue, and black.

The following codes, tenants, and attitude requirements are reviewed in class and are the individual students responsibility to memorize and understand before reaching black belt level. 

Purpose of Tang Soo Do Training

1. SELF-DEFENSE - We protect our lives and possessions from injustice and danger.
2. HEALTH - We promote our physical and spiritual health and enjoy strong bodies and sound minds through rigorous training.
3. BETTER PERSON - We strive to be of better character through endurance and hard work.

Seven Tenants of Tang Soo Do  

Respect & Obedience
Indomitable Spirit

Fourteen Attitude Requirements to Master Tang Soo Do

  1. Purpose of training should be enhancement of mental and physical betterment.

  2. Serious approach.

  3. All out effort.

  4. Maintain regular and constant practice.

  5. Practice basic techniques all the time.

  6. Regularly spaced practice sessions.

  7. Always listen to and follow the direction of instructors or seniors.

  8. Do not be overly ambitious.

  9. Frequently inspect your own achievements.

  10. Always follow a routine training schedule.

  11. Repeatedly practice all techniques already learned.

  12. When you learn new techniques, learn thoroughly the theory and philosophy as well.

  13. When you begin to feel idle, try to overcome this.

  14. Cleanliness is required after training. Keep yourself and your surroundings clean.

Rules and Procedures in the Dojang

  • Arrive at least fifteen minutes before the class is schedule to start. Salute the flags when entering and leaving the Dojang.

  • Avoid taking part in loud or controversial activities. Students should remain silent, especially during forms and free sparring.

  • Warm up prior to class.

  • Do not chew gum or smoke.

  • Wear a clean white uniform with no marking except the indication of your school and Tang Soo Do rank.

  • Use water only to wash your mouth out during training.

  • Students and instructor should use Tang Soo Do terminology at all times.

  • Observe the rules and codes of Tang Soo Do to the best of your ability.

  • All students should take part in cleaning the Dojang since a high degree of cleanliness must be maintained.

  • Students should notify their instructor in advance of any absence.

Philosophy of the Belt System

Our Tang Soo Do Gup belt system in its progress from white to black represents the cycle of the seasons. Each color stands for a specific stage of achievement. In this way, we realize an essential concept of oriental philosophy, i.e., that which is born must grown, reach maturity, die and leave behind the seeds of a new birth.

  • White Belt - Beginner's Belt color. White represents a primitive stage of achievement. Thus, the seed as it lies dormant beneath the snows of winter.
  • Orange Belt - Orange represents new growth which appears in spring. Our Tang Soo Do knowledge begins to reveal itself.
  • Green Belt - Green represents the speedy development of youth as summer arrives.
  • Brown Belt - Brown represents power, stability, weight and wisdom. This stabilizing stage, both mentally and physically, analogous to the plants which curtail their growth and prepare to flower in late summer.
  • Red Belt - Red represents blood, life energy, attention and control. The students power and techniques begin to bloom and ripen.
  • Dark Blue Belt - Dark Blue represents maturity, respect, and honor. Our dark blue belt is given to the Cho Dan Bo (Black Belt candidate). He must now prepare mind and body for the final step needed to attain Black Belt.
  • Black Belt - Black represents mastery, calmness, dignity, and sincerity. Black Belt is the final stage of one life cycle and the beginning of the next. Thus, we see that it is not only the end of one stage but, more importantly, the beginning of a path which leads up through the ranks of the higher Black Belt to true mastery.


Rank(1-10) Hyungs One Steps
Cho Dan Bo
Naihanchi Cho Dan
Bong Hyung E Bu
#'s 1-30
Il Gup
1 Red
Bassai #'s 1-20
E Gup
2 Red
Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
Bong Hyung Il Bu
#'s 1-20
Sam Gup
3 Brown
Pyung Ahn Sah Dan #'s 1-15
Sa Gup
4 Brown
Pyung Ahn Sam Dan #'s 1-15
Oh Gup
5 Green
Pyung Ahn E Dan #'s 1-10
Yuk Gup
6 Green
Pyung Ahn Cho Dan #'s 1-10
Chil Gup
7 Orange
Sae Kye Hyung Sam Bu #'s 1-5
Pahl Gup
8 Orange
Sae Kye Hyung E Bu #'s 1-5
Ku Gup
9 White
Sae Kye Hyung Il Bu  
Sip Gup
10 White



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Copyright 1999 Josefik's Korean Tang Soo Do. All rights reserved.  
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World Tang Soo Do Association Headquarters
2436 Hanford Road
Burlington, NC 27215
Phone:(336) 223-0056 or
(215) 468-2121
fax: (215) 336-2121