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The Korean Flag - WTDSA Insignia - Purpose for Training  - Starting Class - Rules of the Dojang - Salutation - Entering the Dojang - Commands - Do Bohk - Warm ups - Basic Actions - Dismissing the Class

General Student Information

All formal classes should have the flags setup in the front of the training
area in the following way:
Starting Class: 
It is the responsibility of the lowest ranking students in the class to hang up the flags and to take care of them after the class is over.

Upon Entering the Dojang

Students entering, in either Do Bohk or street clothes, should salute the flags and bow to the instructor on the floor as soon as they enter the Dojang. This will be done without exception. The student does not have to wait for the instructor to acknowledge the bow if the instructor is busy.

Students will line up according to rank and seniority. The higher-ranking member will be on the right. The instructor will take a position in the front center of the class. The highest-ranking member in the class will call the commands:

  • Cha Ryut (attention)

  • Kukgi Baa Rye (salute the flag)

  • Ba Ro (return)

  • Ahn Jo (sitting position)

  • Muk Yum (meditation)  

  • Ba Ro (return)

  • Kwan Chang Nim E Kyung Yet (bow to Grandmaster)  

  • Sah Bum Nim E Kyung Yet (bow to instructor)

Next the instructor will prepare the class for warm-up exercises and drills.

  • Choon Bee (ready stance)

  • Shio (rest)

  • Shi Jak (begin)

  • Tora (turn)

  • Ku Ryung E Mat Cho So (by the count)

  • Ku Ryung Up Shi (without count)


Much importance should be attached to the salutation, which is an integral part of training in Tang Soo Do. The member should bow to his instructor, to senior members and also to his opponents. He should not lose self-control, prudence, or composure. Before and after exercise or contest, the participants should turn around, adjust UM uniforms, and bow to their opponent or instructor.

While seated on the floor, the member should keep a proper posture conducive to good health. Hands should be placed on the knees, the back should be straight, and the legs should be crossed in front in the feet tucked beneath the thighs.

During practice, members should observe proper protocol and order­liness. The Dojang should always be kept clean, in order, and well ventilated.

Do Bohk

Members should exercise care in keeping their Do Bohk clean and pressed at all times. It is important to give a good impression of our art. A neat appearance is important in this respect. A high degree of cleanliness should always be maintained among members. Members should take care to pay respect to their bodies and keep themselves clean. Fingernails and toenails should be clipped and kept short to prevent injury while fighting. All Do Bohks will be, folded properly upon entering and leaving the Dojang. Click here to learn how to fuld your Do Bohk properly.

Warm Up

Members prior to training should practice warm-up exercises in order to prepare the body and mind. An unprepared body could be strained under rigorous Tang Soo Do exercises. When training is terminated, students should relax themselves with a series of exer­cises to help them return to a calm and normal state.

Basic Actions

In order to promote improvement in skill, one must learn the basic actions and practice them constantly until they are perfected. Students to master the various forms, in order to improve themselves, must also expend con­centration and work. Through forms and basic actions, precise and accurate techniques will result. It should be remembered that all Tang Soo Do techniques depend on basic actions and forms. Learn them properly and apply them in your free fighting.  

During the Class

Proper respect and discipline shall be maintained at all times and Tang Soo Do ritual should be followed in a uniform manner. When the chief instructor of the school or a high-ranking guest enters the Dojang the instructor on the floor or highest ranking member in the class should call the class to attention and have the class bow. Af­ter respect has been paid the class should return to training immediately.

When a student comes to class late, he should wait until the instructor recognizes him, then approach him, bow and get permis­sion to join the class.

When a student must leave the class he should first receive permission from the instructor.

If a student has to ask the instructor anything, he must first ap­proach a senior member to gain permission. A chain of command should be instituted and not breached for any reason.

Dismissing The Class

As in the beginning of the class, students line up according to rank. 

The senior member gives the same commands as are used to start the class.     

When the command to bow to the instructor is given, all members say with clarity. "Ko Mao Sum Ni Da!' (Thank You, Sir) to the instructor.

The class instructor or senior member then calls: "Five, Tang Soo Do Codes." The entire class recites the five codes together loudly and clearly:

1. Loyalty to country
2. Obedience to parents
3. Honor friendship
4. No retreat in battle
5. In fighting choose with sense and honor.

The five codes of Tang Soo Do apply to all members and are meant to guide the Tang Soo Do practitioner. All members are required to memorize them and fully understand the meaning of the codes as well as the seven tenants, and 14 attitude requirements.

Then, all members should call "Tang Soo" with right hand raised. When the instructor dismisses the class, the senior member takes over and says: "Face the Black Belts," and "Kyung Yet to the Black Belts." 

After giving any comments to the class or any warnings, the senior member arranges the class members for cleaning detail. Then he may dismiss the class.

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This site was created by Country Systems and is maintained by Charles Mitchell

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World Tang Soo Do Association Headquarters
2436 Hanford Road
Burlington, NC 27215
Phone:(336) 223-0056 or
(215) 468-2121
fax: (215) 336-2121